Vulnerability and Adaptation to Drought on the Canadian Prairies

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Drought on the Canadian Prairies

Although there is considerable historical literature describing the social and economic impact of drought on the prairies in the 1930s, little has been written about the challenges presented by drought in more contemporary times. The drought of 2001-02 was, for example, the most recent large-area, intense, and prolonged drought in Canada and one of Canada's most costly natural disasters in a century.

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Drought on the Canadian Prairies describes the impacts of droughts and the adaptations made in prairie agriculture over recent decades. These adaptations have enhanced the capacity of rural communities to withstand drought. However, despite the high levels of technical adaptation that have occurred, and the existing human capital and vibrant social and information networks, agricultural producers in the prairie region remain vulnerable to severe droughts that last more than a couple of years. Research findings and projections suggest that droughts could become more frequent, more severe, and of longer duration in the region over the course of the 21st century. This book provides insights into the conditions generating these challenges and the measures required to reduce vulnerability of prairie communities to them. Developing greater understanding of the social forces and conditions that have contributed to enhanced resilience, as well as those which detract from successful adaptation, is a principal theme of the book. To that end, the book examines drought through an interdisciplinary lens encompassing climate science and the social sciences. Two of the chapters are based on the drought experiences of other countries in order to provide a comparative assessment.

With contributions by:
Jose Armando Boninsegna
Barrie Bonsal
Darrell Corkal
Amber Fletcher
Monica Hadarits
Tom Harrison
Margot Hurlbert
Samantha Kerr
Erin Knuttila
Suren Kulshreshta
Gregory Marchildon
Elma Montana
Bruce Morito
Jeremy Pittman
Alejandro Rojas
David Sauchyn
Paula Santibanez
A.Unvoas
Johanna Wandel
James Warren
Virginia Wittrock
Elaine Wheaton

Table des matières

Table des matières
Cover 1
Half Title Page 2
Series Page 3
Full Title Page 4
Copyright Page 5
CONTENTS 6
INTRODUCTION 10
Part 1: FRAMING THE BOOK 22
1: DROUGHT AND VULNERABILITY: A CONCEPTUAL APPROACH 24
Part 2: PAST AND FUTURE DROUGHT: LESSONS FROM CLIMATE SCIENCE 46
2: CANADIAN PRAIRIES DROUGHT FROM A PALEOCLIMATE PERSPECTIVE 48
3: FUTURE POSSIBLE DROUGHTS 68
Part 3: DEALING WITH PRAIRIE DROUGHTS: CRISES AND ADAPTIVE RESPONSES 86
4: THE IMPACTS OF THE 2001–2 DROUGHT IN RURAL ALBERTA AND SASKATCHEWAN, AND CANADA 88
5: THE “MIN TILL” REVOLUTION AND THE CULTURE OF INNOVATION 116
6: THE TROUBLED STATE OF IRRIGATION IN SOUTHWESTERN SASKATCHEWAN: THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND GOVERNMENT OFFLOADING ON A VULNERABLE COMMUNITY 142
7: GENDERING CHANGE: CANADIAN FARM WOMEN RESPOND TO DROUGHT 168
Part 4: GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS FOR PRAIRIE DROUGHT AND WATER MANAGEMENT 188
8: DROUGHT AND PUBLIC POLICY IN THE PALLISER TRIANGLE: THE HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE 190
9: THE GOVERNANCE OF DROUGHTS 208
10: WATER GOVERNANCE IN THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES 226
Part 5: STRATEGIC PLANNING AND DROUGHT 258
11: VALUES ANALYSIS AS A DECISION SUPPORT TOOL TO MANAGE VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO DROUGHT 260
12: BRIDGING KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS FOR DROUGHT PREPAREDNESS: A CASE STUDY FROM THE SWIFT CURRENT CREEK WATERSHED (CANADA) 288
Part 6: LEARNING FROM OTHER EXPERIENCES 310
13: DROUGHT RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE CHILEAN GRAPE AND WINE INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY OF THE MAULE REGION 312
14: DROUGHT IN THE OASIS OF CENTRAL WESTERN ARGENTINA 336
Part 7: CONCLUDING REMARKS 358
CONCLUSION 360
INDEX 370
Back Cover 386