Understanding Weather and the Environment

Climate and the Environment

Livre numérique

Understanding Weather and the Environment
  • Éditeur québécois

For all curious readers, the Knowledge Guides open the door to a world of complex and captivating phenomena.

Accurate, detailed visual information is all defined in lay language to make it readily accessible to the non-expert. Definitions to scientific terms are given either in the explanation itself, or in the comprehensive glossary.

Table des matières

Table des matières
Understanding Weather and the Environment 1
Table of Contents 5
Earth’s atmosphere 8
The atmosphere 9
Atmospheric pressure 11
The movement of air masses 13
Winds 15
Prevailing winds 17
Local winds 19
Tornadoes 21
The power of tornadoes 23
Precipitation 26
Humidity 27
Clouds 29
Identifying clouds 31
Precipitation 33
Types of precipitation 35
Dew and fog 37
Rainbows 38
Thunderstorms 39
Lightning and thunder 41
The birth of a cyclone 43
Inside a cyclone 45
Life and death of a cyclone 47
Meteorology 50
Measurement instruments 51
Measuring the temperature 53
Balloons and radar 55
Geostationary satellites 57
Polar-orbiting satellites 59
Weather maps 61
Reading a weather map 63
Earth’s climates 66
The seasonal cycle 67
Climates of the world 69
Desert climates 71
Tropical climates 73
Polar climates 75
Temperate climates 77
El Niño and La Niña 79
The consequences of El Niño and La Niña 81
The environment 84
The biosphere 85
Ecosystems 87
Soil 89
The water cycle 91
The carbon and oxygen cycles 93
The phosphorus and nitrogen cycles 95
The greenhouse effect 97
Global warming 99
The ozone layer 101
Sources of air pollution 103
The effects of air pollution 105
Acid rain 107
Sources of water pollution 109
Water pollution 111
Treatment of wastewater 113
Soil pollution 115
Desertification 117
Nuclear waste 119
Pollution of the food chains 120
Selective sorting of waste 121
Recycling 123
Glossary 125
Index 127
Photo credits 129